DIABETES AND MENSTRUAL CYCLE

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Several women have reported fluctuations in sugar levels.
This drop or rise in sugar often precedes the onset of menstruation and is due to hormonal changes at this time of the month.
The two main hormones involved are estrogen and progesterone.


Pr. Salim Djelouat
Pr. In Medical Analysis and Bioclinician
Certified medical expert in medicine, health and well-being – Paris –
salimdjelouat@gmail.com


SUMMARY
I – EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RECALL –
II – PRESENTATION OF THE FACTS
III – HOW DOES THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE INFLUENCE DIABETES?


I – EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RECALL
Before age 55, those are the men most vulnerable to diabetes;
This trend is reversed from age 55 or those are the most affected women.
In total, an estimated 143 million women worldwide have diabetes, a figure that could rise to 222 million in 2030.

II – PRESENTATION OF THE FACTS
We know that the specificities of diabetes are identical to both sexes, but it is proven that women have more special conditions for diabetes disease and especially for its control.
The reasons for this difference are found in the hormonal physiology of women.
We also know that the menstrual cycle, pregnancy for example, vary the physiological norms – either increase or decrease – and therefore, be partly responsible for this tendency to not be able to control his diabetes.
Another fact is that women are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular complications that are closely related to diabetes.
The mastery of all complications related to diabetes can only be done with good control of his disease.
In our writing, we reviewed the main specificities, which can accentuate diabetes – and of course its complications – in women.

III – HOW DOES THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE INFLUENCE DIABETES?
Several women have reported fluctuations in sugar levels.
This drop or rise in sugar often precedes the onset of menstruation and is due to hormonal changes at this time of the month.
The two main hormones involved are estrogen and progesterone.
Estrogen (estradiol, estriol, estrone)
The increase in estrogen levels, will much more sensitize the cells of the woman’s body to insulin.
This sensitization of the cells will therefore cause a drop in blood sugar.
Progesterone
The increase in the level of progesterone will cause insulin resistance, which will cause an increase in blood sugar.

Note
The levels of these hormones can also vary throughout the menstrual cycle and reach their maximum level around the 3rd week of ovulation.
recommendations
It is at these times that the blood glucose level will vary and it would be wiser to avoid dosing your blood sugar at that time.

To behave
To better control your blood sugar level at this time you need –
1 – Respect the time of his meals (must be strict)
2 – Limit (does not mean to proscribe), the consumption of salt, chocolate – no more than 2 squares day, caffeine (reduce its consumption of coffee), cigarettes, alcohol are to be avoided.
3 – Physical activity, I recommend walking.
In the case of a high blood sugar level –
Increase the duration of walking or exercise and avoid eating foods high in sugar (carbohydrates)
In the case of low blood glucose –
Decrease the duration of the walk or make a steady walk, reduce your physical activity, eat more sweet products


Pr. Salim Djelouat
Pr. In Medical Analysis and Bioclinician
Certified medical expert in medicine, health and well-being – Paris –
psychotherapist
Scientific author
Webmaster and blogger


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About the Author

Salim Djelouat
Medical Analyst and Bioclinicist Certified Medical Specialist in Health, Fitness, and Physical Therapy - Paris - Psychotherapist Scientific author Webmaster and blogger

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